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英文简历格式

2008-4-16 9:17:18
 
 
英文简历的格式结构 英文简历的格式结构包括页眉部分、教育背景、工作经历和个人资料四部分。   如果已经有全职工作了,一定把工作经历放在第二;如果您目前还是在校学生,应该把教育背景放在第二。举个例子,一个美国商学院的学生,在一个很大的公司里工作了三年,不断得到提升,从未换过工作。由于新换了老板,他想换个工作,猎头让他把简历传过去,传过去后几天迟迟没有消息,他问为什么,猎头左找右找,终于在学生类的简历里找到了他的简历。原来,他用的是学生简历的格式,被当作了在校生。所以,作为在职人员,若把教育背景放在前面,人家会对你很不重视。   页眉部分   1.名字。有7种写法,我们认为都有可接受的原因,或适合用的地方,比如说第四种--Yang Li (李阳),很方便招聘人员,尤其是人事部经理为中国人,声调弄错了或者名和姓搞不清楚,会很尴尬;但标准的、外资公司流行的、大家约定俗成的简历中的名字写法,则是第二种,YANG LI。   我们在审阅了大量的中国人的简历之后,发现一个非常值得纠正的地方,就是有人用粤语拼写自己的姓氏。比如,王写成Wong,李写成Lee。这里要告诉大家两点:一个是这只是香港人的拼法,并不是国际的拼法;第二是将来您办护照准备出国时,公安局是不会批准您用粤语拼音的。但是,我们也见到一些出过国的中国人,由于种种原因,他们的姓和汉语拼音并不一样,那是各有各的原因,我们建议不用汉语拼音以外的写法。   另外,也发现有少量一部分人用外国人的姓,如Mary Smith,也是非常不可取的。因为如果你用外国人的姓,别人会认为你是外国人,或者你父亲是外国人,或者你嫁给了外国人。名字用英文是很常见的,也是很方便的,尤其是名字拼音的第一个字母是q、x或z,老外们很难发出正确读音的字母。有个叫王强的先生,名片上印着John Wang,这样,中外人士叫起来都很方便。   名和姓之间,如果有英文名,中文名可以加,也可以不加,或者用拼音的第一个字母简称。   双字名,也有四种写法,我们建议用第三种,Xiaofeng,最简单方便。大家一看就知是名而不是姓,要不然,大家有可能会误认为你是姓肖的。   2.地址。   北京以后要写中国。很多人说:“谁不知道北京呀!”但一个完整的地址、全球畅通的邮址应该是加国名的,但不必用PRC等,因为用China简单清楚。邮编的标准写法是放在省市名与国名之间,起码放在China之前,因为是中国境内的邮编。   3.电话。   写法很有讲究,中国人名片中的电话经常写得不清楚、不专业,有几点提醒大家注意。   1)前面一定加地区号,如(86-10)。因为您是在向外国公司求职,您的简历很可能被传真到伦敦、纽约,大家不知道您的地区号,也没有时间去查,如果另一位求职者的电话有地区号,招聘者很可能先和这个人沟通。另外,国外很流行“user friendly”,即想尽办法给对方创造便利,尤其是在找工作时,更要加深这一意识。用中国人的思维逻辑来解释,"是你求他,而不是他求你"。   2)8个号码之间加一个“-”,如6505-2266。这样,认读拨打起来比较容易,否则,第一次打可能会看错位。   3)区号后的括号和号码间加空格,如(86-10) 6505-2266。这是英文写作格式的规定,很多人忽略了,甚至不知道。   4)写手机或者向别人通报手机时,也有一定的规范,要用“3-3-4原则”,如“138-135-1234”。也有人5个5个的念,会造成两个结果:一是字数越多越不容易记全,甚至出错,降低效率,有的人还念得特快;二是有人总结说,这是台湾人的念法,带有很浓的地方色彩。我们追求的是国际规范。   5)传真号千万不要留办公室的,免得办公室的同事都知道你想跳槽。如果家里有传真号,最好告诉对方,万一他找不到你,可以发几个字,比较快;将来对方发聘书或材料时,比较方便。不要等到将来再给,我们应该从现在起就培养“user friendly”的意识,处处方便对方。   6)国外很流行留言电话,有人为找工作,专门去买留言电话。这里顺带讲一下留言文化,中国人甚至包括很多亚洲人,都不习惯使用留言电话,但随着国际间商业文化交往的增多,愿意在电话中留言的人越来越多了,留言技巧也越来越高了。   7)家中老人试写留言条。经常会出现这么一种情况:您出门了,朋友打来电话,回来时,妈妈告诉你:“今天有人来电话找你。”你会问:“谁来的?”一般她只会告诉你:“是个男的”或“是个女的”,当你问到:“您怎么不问一问他的电话呀?”,妈妈往往会回答:“我还没问呢,他就挂了。”这里我们要说两点:一是要跟家长交流一下写留言条的方式,就是怎么接听电话及写留言条;第二,这里有一个中国的传统观念。以前,只有办公室才有电话,打电话来的人一般都是找你办事的,接听电话的人总觉得高高在上,并且形成了习惯。这种习惯带到家里,甚至在年轻一代中也很流行。很多人接听电话时,若没能及时识别出对方身份,起初语气往往非常冷漠。在这里,我们向全社会建议:任何给您打电话的人,都有可能是您的朋友、同事或者合作伙伴,即便目前不是,将来大部分都有可能成为他们中的一员,所以,务必热情对待每一个电话。另外,换个角度想:如果您打电话给别人,别人是这样的态度,您又会作何感想呢?我们要在全社会提倡一种礼貌热情的电话语言,在我们以后的专题讲座中会提到。   教育背景   1.时间要倒序。   最近的学历情况要放在最前面。   2.学校名要大写并加粗。   这样便于招聘者迅速识别您的学历,这里又用到了"YRIS"原则。   3.地名右对齐,全部大写并加粗。   地名后一定写中国。例如,海口(Haikou)的拼写与日本北海道(Hokaido)的拼写很相近。读简历的有可能是外国人,不知道的会搞不清楚是哪个国家。可能你出过国,这是件好事,但如果去的地方并不太出名,没加国名,大家也意识不到。总之是造成了一些不方便,效率不高。我们应该一切从最完善的角度出发。   4.学历。   如果正在学习,用Candidate for开头比较严谨;如果已经毕业,可以把学历名称放在最前,具体见样本。   5.社会工作担任班干部,只写职务就可以了;参加过社团协会,写明职务和社团名,如果什么职务都没有,写“member of club(s)”。社团协会,国外一般都用club。不必写年月和工作详情,有些可留待工作经历中写。   顺便讲一下几个职称的译法:   1)班长。国内很流行用Monitor,但国外常见的是Class President,这样显得更国际化;另外,用YRIS原理,显得官更大一点儿。   2)团支部书记。用Secretary也可以,但在与外国人打交道时,如果参加的是纯商业机构,背景中政治色彩越少越好。经常一个班就是一个支部,我们可以用class表示支部,那么class用Secretary不合适,不妨用President。在某种意义上,班长和团支部书记二者的角色是相同的。但如果二者是并驾齐驱的,不妨用Co-president。再有,如果你写了President,当有人问班长时,他可能会不高兴,为处理好关系,你不妨谦虚一下,用Vice President。这样,发生副作用的可能性就会很小。   3)副会长。用Vice President是最合适的,在国外也很常见。   6.奖学金。   一般用一句话概括。如果有多个,也争取用一句话概括。但如果是学生简历,则有其它的处理方式,我们将在下次讲解。   7.成绩。   如果不是前五名,建议不写。因为如果排在五名之外,感觉您不是一个优秀的学生。一旦写上,有些人会穷追不舍地猛问,让你尴尬。   工作经历   首先要再次强调一下,对于正在工作的人,Experience应写在Education的前面,而对于在校生Education则应放在Experience之前。   写时间时应注意:a)目前的工作要最先写,左侧写时间,如写成1997-present。详细写法请点击左侧英文简历样本。此外更要注意拼写,不要把present写成president,否则您现在就成了总裁,老板怎么还敢雇佣您呢?这种往往是拼写检查无法查出的"漏网之鱼",所以要特别小心。这个问题我们在后面还会谈到。   b)以前的工作,只写年份,如1993-1995。这样的写法主要适于以下三种情况:一是工作时间较早;二是工作时间在两年以上;三是旨在巧妙地拉长工作时间。例如,如果您曾于1997年12月到1998年1月就职于某家公司,虽然只有短短两个月,但写成1997-1998就显得工作时间较长,同时也没撒谎。   c)以前的工作,加上月份,如May, 1998或May 1998。这样的写法自然会显得精确一些,也投合银行业雇主的口味。有的中国人则喜欢用5, 1998或1998, 5。前一种写法很少见,只有在实在写不下的情况下才使用。1998, 5则是纯粹的Chinglish(洋泾帮英语),是完全不能接受的。   d) Summer Intern(夏期工作)的几种写法。   Summer Intern Summer Analyst Summer Assistant Summer Associate 一是直接写Summer Intern,不管职务职称;二是写成Summer Analyst,这种写法比较适合大学本科或研究生期间的暑期工作;三是写Summer Assistant,这种写法适合多种情况;四是写Summer Associate,这一写法专指MBA学生的暑期工作。而且一般认为Summer Associate的级别会比Summer Analyst要高一些。我们将在以后的专题讲座中为大家介绍美国投资银行家的职业生涯发展的阶梯模式,到时候会涉及到不同职务和职称的写法。   写工作经历时要用倒序,工作内容则一定要用点句。   个人资料   1.名称。   有四种写法:Personal, Personal Information, Other Information, Additional Information。无论是教育背景、工作经历,还是个人资料,既可以首字母大写,也可以全部字母大写,还可以全部字母小写。哈佛商学院的标准格式却是全部字母小写,这在主流商业社会中已沿用多年。另外,名称可以写在最左侧,也可居中。   2.语言。   有几个层次。Native speaker of指母语;从严谨的角度讲,Fluent in显得更流利;English as working language显得不非常流利,但可靠性更强;Some knowledge of会一些,没有把握的千万别写。在面试中,语言是最轻松的,一旦被考倒,他会认为你在撒谎,甚至认为通篇简历都有很多撒谎的地方。   3.电脑。   中国人最爱用“熟悉”(familiar),无论中文还是英文简历。“熟悉”是一个很弱的字眼,说明你不熟练,不常用。如果几个软件,有的熟练,有的熟悉,建议只写软件名。完全没把握的,一点儿不熟悉的,千万不要写。不要以为没有电脑,就不会考你,他也会考你一两个关键用法。如果真的用的很多,不妨用“Frequent user of”。   4.资格证书。   最需要注意的是,有些人将注册会计师笼统地翻译成CPA,但全世界各国都有自己的CPA,有些是互不承认的,所以一定要写上国别,写明考取年份。   有一些业余爱好,能显示出一定素养的内容,也可以写上,如钢琴考级。   再给大家出道题:TOEFL、GRE和GMAT,应该写哪一个?下次给答案。   5.爱好与特长。   1)写强项。弱的一定不要写,面试人员不定对哪个项目感兴趣,有时会跟你聊两句,尤其是接连几个、十几个面试之后,有些招聘人员爱聊一些轻松的话题,一旦是你的弱项,绝大部分人会很尴尬的,显出窘态,丧失自信,这对你是很不利的。更重要的是,他会觉得你在撒谎。   2)要写也只写两到三项。因为极少有人在很多方面都很强。如果您觉得自己玩得都可以的话,您的标准可能稍低了点儿。当然,确实有的人七八样都玩得挺好的,但一般人不相信每个人的强项有特别多,所以您也没必要写那么多,以免给人轻浮的感觉。   3)不具体的爱好不写,如sports、music、reading。大家不知道你喜好什么,或者让大家觉得你根本就没有真正的爱好,更糟糕的是,人们会认为你的写作水平很差。   4)举几个用词。如travel,如果你喜欢旅行,而有些工作需要经常出差,那么你写上travel是非常有利的;有些女性写上cooking,是很实事求是的,也给人以踏实的感觉,对于象秘书这样的职位,总是有好处的。   英文简历的格式 TITLE: This might be the most important part of the resume. The title will be the first words that hiring managers read, so it should be targeted and memorable. The best titles contain keywords of the actual position you are seeking. There is a 60-character limit, so choose your words carefully. Title - Examples: "Senior NT Network Administrator" "Sales Manager with 5 Years of E-Commerce Experience" "Human Resources Generalist" "C/C Software Developer" "Technical Sales Representative / Account Executive" "Registered Nurse / Rehab Hospital" OBJECTIVE: The objective should showcase your professional goal, but with an emphasis on what you bring to the employer, not what the employer can do for you. The best objectives are tailored to a specific position or occupational field;the worst objectives are vague statements ("looking for a challenging opportunity?) or are centered on the candidate抯 needs ("I am looking for a position with great benefits?). Avoid using personal pronouns (I, me, my) in the objective statement. The 2,000-character limit gives you ample space to write a well-defined objective. In fact, the objective can contain some of your key skills or areas of expertise that you would like to emphasize. Objective - Examples: "Network technician position that capitalizes on expertise in Microsoft Systems Management Server 2.0, NT 4.0, NT Workstation, and NT servers.Experience designing, implementing, and maintaining enterprise-wide SMS site. Proficient in installing, configuring, troubleshooting, and supporting large-scale network servers and resolving connectivity issues." "Sports enthusiast with solid management experience and a passion for professional and amateur sports, pursuing a career with a sports team or sports marketing company. Skilled at building strong team environments and fostering open communications. Currently coach football, bowling, and weight training and continually promote concepts of integrity, quality, and teamwork." "Seeking an insulation cost estimator position. Offer extensive hands-on and supervisory experience in multimillion-dollar industrial projects within the construction industry. Proficiency with using all types of insulation andlagging materials. Track record of accomplishing takeoffs, using scale rule, electronic scaler, and computerized programs." CONTACT INFORMATION: Your name, address, and phone are required fields. On this page, you have the option to save your resume as confidential, which will block your personal information from being viewed. JOB TARGET: Complete the section regarding your desired job, which covers job type (employee, intern, contractor), salary, and location. You are then asked to describe your ideal job. This is another opportunity to demonstrate yourcommitment to the potential employer抯 goals; avoid dwelling on your particular employment needs. The 500-character limit allows you to describe your ideal job in detail, but a few lines should suffice. Describe Your Ideal Job - Example: Seeking to establish a European and global presence for a software/hardware company, utilizing personal insights, business savvy, and knowledge of European customs and languages. Offer a proven record of success in establishing brand identity, elevating corporate presence and image, and facilitating the start-up of operations in various European locales. TARGET COMPANY: Complete company size (you can choose "no preference" if applicable) and company category. Then select the appropriate type of company from the drop down list. If none of the categories apply, choose "other." Next, describeyour ideal company. If you are open to considering various types of companies, make sure your description reflects your flexibility. On the other hand, if you are sure about the type of company you wish to pursue,develop a targeted statement. Describe Your Ideal Company - Example: Searching for an opportunity to work for a leader in innovative network and telecommunication solutions. TARGET LOCATION: You may choose up to 20 locations in the U.S. and abroad. Mark the checkbox if you are willing to relocate. WORK EXPERIENCE: List your company name, location, job title, and start/end date for each position held. Entry-level candidates might also include internships or unpaid experience. The Resume Builder will list your employment history in reverse chronological order, so you don抰 have to worry about the order in which you input your jobs. The quality of your "Work Description" is very important. For each position held, include both responsibilities and accomplishments. Responsibilitiesare duties and job tasks that were expected of you in your position.Examples include, "manage department with 15 employees and a budget of $2.5million" and "create promotional materials to market program."Accomplishments are achievements, awards, recognitions, special projects,and promotions. Write down your key accomplishments using specific examples.Examples are "saved the department $15,000 a year by recommending new officesupply vendors" and "awarded Top Salesperson in Northeast District in 1999."Place the most emphasis on your recent career, providing significant detailas far back as 15 years. Spend less time on earlier positions, unless theydirectly relate to your current goal. This section allows 2,000 characters, enough for a paragraph outlining yourjob responsibilities and a bulleted list of your top achievements. Continuesaving and adding experiences until your employment history is covered. Work Description - Example: Promoted to director position to create business plan and go-to-marketstrategy for new product line targeting Global 2000 companies. The E-BizDirect product helps large mainframe shops simplify and accelerate thetransition to e-business. Charged with full P&L responsibility for achievingrevenues of $10 million in FY2000 and $50 million in three years. Conductquantitative market analyses to identify customer needs and develop productrequirements. Directly manage a team of three product managers and overseethe activities of over 60 sales professionals. Drive the development anddelivery of new and revised products. Results to date: * Achieved sales increase of 400% (March to December 1999) by coachingproduct/marcom managers to reposition E-Biz Direct product. This movecompressed the sales cycle and enabled the sales force to more easily sellthe product. Led the positioning exercises and identified thecharacteristics of target customers. * Developed strategic plan and go-to-market strategy for the line ofbusiness, building on the available skills of the organization to facilitatethe transition to an e-business vendor. * Reduced costs by 20% by introducing product lifecycle management methods,formalizing processes for positioning, pricing, promotion, and rollout. * Renamed and repositioned a product at the end of its lifecycle. Therepositioning was successful in overcoming the industry抯 preconceptionsabout the product and targeting the e-business market. * Organized and led a global marketing team to establish roles andresponsibilities across product lines and markets, resulting in eliminationof redundancies and overlap. REFERENCES: Ask your references for permission before submitting their names to theResume Builder. Your references should be people who are aware of thequality of your work. Provide at least three references; the best referencesare professional rather than personal. EDUCATION: Complete information regarding school, location, degree, and completiondate. Include industry licenses/certifications, professional designations,courses, and seminars. Under "description," include information that might be helpful in landinginterviews. If you have been out of school for five years or longer, it抯 probably not necessary to focus on your educational information, but youshould at least provide your major/minor. If you are a recent graduate,consider adding relevant courses, GPA (only if it is impressive--3.0 orhigher depending on the difficulty of the program), extracurricularactivities, study abroad, honors, awards, and scholarships. The2,000-character limit allows plenty of space to describe your training andeducation in detail. Education Description - Example (New Grad): Communications major, concentration in broadcast production and news - Graduated cum laude - Study Abroad Program (City University, London) - broadcast studiescourses, 1999 - ABC Outstanding Achievement in Broadcasting Award, 1999 - President''s Award for Excellence in Leadership and Service, 1999 - Cable Channel 15, Best Director of the Year for Live Debates, 1995-1996 - National Broadcasting Society Scholarship, 1997-1999 - Alumni Leadership Scholarship, 1998 AFFILIATIONS: List your affiliations, professional memberships, and community membershipsin this section. Concentrate on professional organizations that relate toyour goal. Be sure to mention any leadership roles under "affiliation/role." KEY SKILLS: The skills section is a great opportunity to incorporate relevant industrykeywords. It is best not to skimp on this section. To determine the bestkeywords for your goal, peruse job openings using Monster抯 Search Jobsfeature. Examine job ads to uncover skills that are in demand and list allof your matching skills. Even if you are a novice, you can still list theskill (indicate that you are a beginner), which will improve your chances ofbeing found in a keyword search. Besides skills relevant to your industry oroccupation, include computer programs/applications (list each programindividually) and foreign languages. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: This optional section allows you to add any additional information thatmight be relevant. Possible topics include publications, awards, patents,volunteer experience, and public speaking engagements. If you are aninternational candidate, you might include your work authorization statusand date of employment availability.

 
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